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Controlling financial interest

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Summary of Statement No. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of income. All of those transactions are economically similar, and this Statement requires that they be accounted for similarly, as equity transactions. When a subsidiary is deconsolidated, any retained noncontrolling equity investment in the former subsidiary be initially measured at fair value.

The gain or loss on the deconsolidation of the subsidiary is measured using the fair value of any noncontrolling equity investment rather than the carrying amount of that retained investment. Entities provide sufficient disclosures that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. What Is the Scope of This Statement? Ballots Ballots Archive. Accounting Standards Codification.

Accounting Standards Updates Issued. Implementing New Standards. Accounting Standards Updates—Effective Dates. Concepts Statements. Private Company Decision-Making Framework. Transition Resource Group for Credit Losses. Technical Agenda. Exposure Documents. Comment Letters. Recently Completed Projects.

For Investors. For Academics. Post-Implementation Review. Upcoming Meetings. Tentative Board Decisions. Subscribe to Action Alert. In the News. Media Contacts. Join Media List. Educational Webcasts and Webinars. Contact Us. About the FASB. Board Members. Senior Staff. Adding his criticism, SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt recently said, "Too many corporate managers, auditors and analysts are participants in a game of nods and winks. In the zeal to satisfy consensus earnings estimates and project a smooth earnings path, wishful thinking may be winning the day over faithful representation.

The issue of when a subsidiary is sufficiently controlled by a parent to merit consolidated financial reporting goes back many years see "A History of Consolidation Policy," below. In the most recent step, FASB is trying to calm concerns by defining what constitutes control of an entity which, it says, will provide CPAs with better tools with which to analyze complex corporate structures.

But is such a definition what critics really want? Some CPAs and other financial professionals believe existing standards are sufficient and adding more detail will only confuse financial report users. That's not the opinion of FASB's Ronald Bossio, who is spearheading the drive for a new ED to define when entities should be included in consolidated financial statements. It has been an arduous process, says Bossio, one he describes as "grinding.

Under the rule CPAs currently follow, commonly called the bright-line rule, the condition for a controlling financial interest is ownership of a majority voting interest--unless control is temporary or does not rest with the owner of the majority voting interest. But will the new ED get the required supermajority of five on the seven-member board? John Brozovsky, an associate professor of accounting at Virginia Tech, has examined the differences between the new ED and the old one and is optimistic the revision will meet FASB criteria.

It is more theoretical, relying more on the accountant's judgment. If the sub blossoms, they turn around and get that sub on the other side of the bright line. Meyer has analyzed publicly traded corporations where the current guidance does not always appear to recognize the true nature of the relationship between parent companies and their affiliates.

Although he welcomes the FASB initiative, he is somewhat pessimistic that the new ED—if passed—will solve all problems. Vigilance is needed on the part of investors, regulators and auditors to ensure a level playing field, which is, after all, what FASB is trying to accomplish. Some of the interested parties adopt a much more laissez-faire approach than Meyer, pointing out that the case has never been made for a new standard.

Hoyle, CSX Professor of Management and Accounting at the University of Richmond and author of an advanced accounting textbook that covers consolidated financial statements extensively. Louis W. Matusiak, Jr. Once you issue a standard that is subjective, you set yourself up for confrontations between the financial statement preparers and auditors. Such differences of opinion as to what constitutes control are not confined to the United States; they are especially common in countries that rely on bright-line rules.

Timothy S. Doupnik, professor of accounting at the University of South Carolina, says New Zealand is in the midst of trying to replace its bright-line rule with a new standard see "How the World Defines Control," page However, there are issues yet to be addressed in New Zealand, such as when directors of the investor personally hold shares and voting rights in the investee. That the problems of finding a one-size-fits-all definition persists is not new to Benjamin S. Neuhausen, who first addressed the vexing issue of consolidation policy in the Journal in Partly as a result of this article, many of the big questions involving consolidation were resolved by Statement no.

Putting theory into practice is never an easy sell when it comes to moving away from concrete rules—so has FASB done its job in testing the proposal? That question worries Lee Knight, professor of accounting at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama, who wants to see more field tests done before any big changes are put to a vote. FASB conducted tests for the original ED, putting two multinational corporations through a battery of tests, with no problems.

As the deadline for submitting cases had not yet passed at press time, FASB's Bossio expressed his hope that there would be some "really tough and hard cases," referring to joint ventures for which the question of control has been especially complicated.

Even if FASB does pass the new standard, CPAs will still have to deal with the enormous complexity of consolidating an entity into the accounts of the controlling entity in much the same way they do now. As the two companies divide Conrail, McComb notes that the accounting teams are working hand in hand with the CSX technology group. The accountants develop the logic for a database software package, and the programmers write the code to implement it. The database will be used to consolidate the designated entities, saving countless hours of work.

Then we have to translate the accounts that are part of our share of the acquisition. We can deal with the exceptions afterward if something doesn't translate correctly," McComb says. At the end of the day, everyone agrees that the standard-setting process has served the investment community well. FASB sets the standards; the external auditor, with an unbiased and independent mindset, attests to client compliance; and the SEC provides further guidance and oversight for publicly traded companies.

Unfortunately, there will always be a few participants in the process who will actively seek to exploit the inevitable ambiguities that arise. Investors still have a duty to exercise care when analyzing reported financial results. It is still possible that a company could report its financial results using the equity method, even though some investors believe the consolidation method may have been more appropriate.

If SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt's concern about the quality of earnings is taken to heart by investors, they should heed the old advice: Let the buyer beware. If finalized, the ED would be effective January 1, for calendar year companies. It also created certain exceptions to this rule, such as allowing a parent not to consolidate a captive-finance subsidiary.

This was passed in response to the enormous growth in the number of captive-finance subsidiaries.

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Transaction Advisors. ISSN Accessed Dec. Company Profiles. Podcast Episodes. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. What Is a Controlling Interest? Key Takeaways A controlling interest is when a shareholder holds a majority of a company's voting stock. A shareholder does not have to have majority ownership in a company to have a controlling interest as long as they own a significant portion of its voting shares.

Having a controlling interest provides a shareholder with significant power and influence within a company. Ownership of operational and strategic decision-making processes is given to a shareholder with a controlling interest. A controlling interest grants leverage to increase a shareholder's stake in a company in a merger or acquisition.

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Working Control Working control occurs when a minority shareholder, or group of them, has enough voting power to influence or determine corporate policy.

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A controlling financial interest is defined as. › CPA Journal Content. Both require the reporting entity to identify whether it has a “controlling financial interest” in a legal entity and must therefore consolidate it.