tropical fish keeping basics of investing
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Tropical fish keeping basics of investing insight investment bny mellon

Tropical fish keeping basics of investing

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The answer will vary depending on the species. Some species will only live for a few months. Other such as the goldfish can live for 10s of years. Yet others can live for several hundred years. Both large and small species can have long lives. Algae are an important part of the ecosystems where they occur, but they can also become a nuisance for aquarists, pond keepers and swimming pool owners.

In order to successfully combat algae, it is important to understand what algae are and how they subsist. The main limiting factors are therefore light and nutrients. By controlling the amounts of light and nutrients, we can carry out successful algae control. Read more about Algae control.

I recently visited a friend who makes his living as a day trader and who had earned a small fortune taking short positions while margin trading CFD positions. He invited me to see the new fish that he purchased to celebrate his recent fortune, 1 Red Arowana and a Platinum gar!!! I am so jealous of this guy right now.

We spent the night creating a list of the most expensive aquarium fish. Read it now! There is a very large selection of different fish species available on the market. The selection of different species can vary depending on where you live but if you can not find a species locally you can usually find someone online that is willing to ship it to you. The large selection of different tropical fish makes aquarium keeping an ideal hobby for anyone.

There is a large selection of hardy fish that is easy to care for. These species are ideal for anyone who wants to keep their first aquarium or for anyone who wants to keep an aquarium as decoration in their home without having to do too much work maintaining an aquarium. An aquarium does not have to be much work. A well-planned aquarium can be maintained by spending less than one hour a week doing so.

You will need to feed the aquarium fish regularly but this can be done using an automated feeder. Feeding your fish can be a joy and is likely something you want to do yourself but a feeder can help you when you are unable to do so. On this website, you will find all the info you need to be able to set up a low maintenance aquarium. There are thousands of more challenging species of tropical fish to keep once you have gained a little more experience.

Your first aquarium should be 20 gallons or bigger. A common mistake is to start with a smaller aquarium in the belief that a smaller aquarium is less work to maintain than a larger aquarium. The opposite is true. A larger aquarium is always easier and less work to maintain than a smaller aquarium. I would personally recommend that you consider getting a gallon tank as your fist tank.

I do, however, realize that not everyone wants to spend that much money on their first aquarium and a 20 gallon is a good compromise. You should not get a tank smaller than that. A larger tank is more stable and will be able to handle overfeeding and other beginner mistakes better.

This reduces the risk that you will make any mistake that will cause you to lose fish. An aquarium with a water volume of less than 20 gallons will be too unstable and give you too small margins to be a good choice for a beginner fish keepers. Smaller tanks are best reserved for more experienced fish keeper.

Do you want a larger aquarium, gallons or larger, but are you afraid that it will be to much work? A larger aquarium is less work then you think. A moderately stocked gallon aquarium requires less weekly work then a 20 gallon and the more stable water conditions will allow you to change the water every weeks instead of once or twice a week. An aquarium is heavy. How heavy it depends on the water volume. The bigger the aquarium is the heavier it gets. It is important to make sure that you have a strong solid floor where you place your aquarium.

It is also important to make sure that the legs of the aquarium rest on floor beams. Not in between beams. The best option is to use stands that have a frame at the base and that spreads the weight evenly over the entire area. Not just on 4 or 6 legs. Always ask the landlord if the floor will support an aquarium of a certain size if you live in an apartment. Large aquariums are best placed on the ground floor or in the basement. Smaller aquariums can be kept on the upper floors.

It is usually safe to keep aquariums up to 50 gallons on the upper floors. Many buildings will be able to support tanks that are bigger than that but it is always best to make sure before you put on in. I recommend doing your research for anything over 20 gallons. Better to be safe than sorry. The aquarium should be placed in a spot where you like and can enjoy it. Avoid spots where it gets hit by sunlight from a window.

This will cause you to have an algae problem. I also recommend that you avoid spots where the aquarium might get hit or where people are more likely to fall into it. A den, living room or hobby room is usually the ideal spot. A bedroom might also be very nice but if you decide to keep it in your bedroom you should be aware that all aquariums make some noise. This can be kept to a minimum by getting high-quality equipment but it will never be completely quiet.

The equipment for your aquarium can often be the single largest expense when you set up an aquarium. Exactly how much it will cost will depend on the size of the aquarium and what type of tropical fish you want to keep. Saltwater aquariums require more expensive equipment then freshwater aquariums and cold water aquariums can be very expensive if you need to use chillers to keep the water cold enough. Below I am going to assume that you inexpensive and hardy species to chose from and you can use relatively cheap equipment.

You can read more about how to set up a saltwater aquarium in our saltwater section and on our sister site about reef aquariums. Different brand of equipment can have very different prices. It can be very tempting to get the cheapest option. This can sometimes be a good choice but will not always be a good choice.

Always consider the quality of the equipment as well. An example of this is that cheap filter often makes more noise than a little more expensive aquarium filter. It is therefore worth paying a little extra to get a quiet filter. Below we are going to look at some types of aquarium equipment.

We will decide which equipment is necessary when you keep tropical fish and which equipment is voluntary. An aquarium filter is a necessity. You should always make sure to buy a good filter that is suitable for your aquarium size and for the fish you want to keep in it. An experienced fish keeper can keep aquariums without a filter but a beginner should always get one. It makes the aquarium keeping a lot easier.

There are a number of different filters to chose from. They all have their own benefits and drawbacks. The most common choice for your first aquarium is an internal canister filter. They are easy to maintain and will not cause water leaks. External filters are a more common choice for larger aquariums. Read more about aquarium filters here. An aquarium is another necessity that most people need if they keep tropical fish.

An exception from this is if you keep your home very warm. If the room temperature in a room is kept at 74f or above then you do not need a heater. Some aquarium filters have built-in heaters. If you buy one of these filters then you will not need a separate heater. Choose a heater that is designed for an aquarium of your size or larger.

An undersized heater will have to work very hard to try to keep the temperature up and will be a lot more expensive to run than a larger heater. Make sure that the entire heater is placed under the water. You can read more about aquarium heaters here. Aquarium lighting is not necessary for most fish. Most fish will do well with the ambient light. You will, however, most likely want to buy a good light anyway. A good light will make the fish and the aquarium look a lot better..

If you want to keep a planted aquarium then you will need to choose a lighting system that is suitable for an aquarium your size and the plants you want to keep. Some plants do well with little light while other needs a lot of light to thrive. Read more about lighting here. An air pump is not a necessity but will help make it easier to keep your fish healthy. A well-kept aquarium with a suitable stocking will not need an air pump. An air-pump will, however, help keep the water oxygenated if the water quality goes down due to overfeeding, a dead fish or a number of other reasons.

It can be the difference between a slight dip in water quality and disaster. Small aquariums are far more difficult to manage than larger ones, as toxins can build up very quickly in the small volume of water. Temperature changes and water chemistry changes can also occur very quickly when there are fewer gallons of water. A must to avoid are those cute mini-aquariums that range from two to five gallons. Although some of the package deals in tiny aquariums may seem reasonably priced, they are not good for the first-time aquarium owner.

If at all possible, go with a 20 gallon or larger tank. You'll have a much better chance of making it work, as a larger tank is more forgiving of errors you might make. Be aware that an aquarium larger than 15 gallons will weigh more than hundred pounds when filled, and should be placed on a stand rather than a shelf or desk.

You'll also need a place to put the aquarium that is not in direct sunlight or be subjected to drafts or temperature extremes that could harm the fish. The location must also be capable of getting wet from time to time. Performing maintenance, adding or removing fish and other items from the tank will splash water around the aquarium.

Keep that in mind if you are thinking about keeping a tank on your desktop or over a shelf of books or other items that might get wet. Lastly, be realistic about the size and number of fish you wish to keep. They will determine the size of the aquarium needed, which ultimately impacts the space you'll need to accommodate it. Even if you choose a larger tank, start with a few small easy to care for fish. As you gain experience, you can add more challenging fish. In short, when first starting out, think big for tank size and small for numbers of fish.

Plan before purchasing equipment or fish , and you'll have a good chance of success. What to Know Before Buying an Aquarium. By Shirlie Sharpe Shirlie Sharpe. Shirlie Sharpe is an aquatic expert and writer with over three decades of experience keeping and raising ornamental fish. Shirlie has also authored a book on setting up aquariums.

Fact checked by Jessica Wrubel. Jessica Wrubel has an accomplished background as a writer and copy editor, working for various publications, newspapers, and in public libraries assisting with reference, research, and special projects for 8 years. She reviews articles on a range of lifestyle topics—including pet care and pet products—for The Spruce Pets and The Spruce, checking for factual accuracy and consistency.

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Depending on the species that is being housed, brackish water aquariums may require UVB or infrared bulbs in addition to or separate from the above mentioned light sources. Some brackish water nocturnal species and basking animals like turtles require infrared lighting to remain healthy.

In most marine fish only aquariums, less intense lighting is used to illuminate the subjects in the tank, usually for aesthetics. In addition for optimal viewing of the fish, the lower intensity lighting limits the growth of unwanted algae in the tank. In tropical reef aquariums, the opposite is true.

Reef tanks require the highest intensity lighting for the well being of photosynthetic corals, inverts, clams, etc. The most simple lighting setups use only a single lamp or lamps of one type. The more advanced reef lighting arrays include several types of lamps in several color and light spectrum. Unlike fish only tanks, the color of the lamp used is extremely important in maintaining the photosynthetic life in the tank.

Corals in particular require a deep blue or actinic light spectrum in order to survive and continue growing. Metal halide bulbs are the most commonly used in reef aquariums today but they do not have the overall balanced effect of other types of lighting. Many halide lights replicate the intense shimmering bright tropical sun light that is found over natural coral reefs. Metal halide lighting is available in a variety of light spectrum from 5,k all the way up to 20,k.

This allows the tropical fish keeping enthusiast the ability to duplicate the requirements of a variety of corals and photosynthetic clams. Because metal halide lighting does not have the overall spectrum of other types of lighting, many tropical fish keeping enthusiasts frequently use metal halide bulbs in conjunction with either compact fluorescent or T5 fluorescent bulbs.

The cons to using metal halide lighting is the fact that they use a lot of electricity and produce a great deal of heat. In order to keep the reef tank water cool, most reef keepers will mount their metal halide lights at least a foot or so above the water surface or add chillers to their systems.

These systems mimic daylight and lunar lighting for truly realistic displays. In order to keep these systems cool and maintain optimum efficiency, single or multiple fans are often built into the fixtures. Usually LED lamps of up to 2 watts are used to replicate the glow of moonlight over the tank and recently, LED lamps in higher wattage s are being used to simulate daylight conditions.

LED lighting is more expensive initially, but use much less energy than other light sources. In addition, they are dimmable. Because LED lights are limited to a narrow band of wave lengths, different colored LED lights must be used in an array to simulate the spectral range needed for the growth of corals.

Click here to cancel reply. Clown Loaches can get 16 inches in length and require lots of swimming space and companions of the same species. When I was young, we always had a ten-gallon fish tank set up. It didn't have anything particularly fancy in it; some neon tetras, a pleco, and whatever live-bearing species was popular at the time.

The pet store, as well as many others in the hobby, liked to tell people their fish would only get as large as the environment they're put in, and the sad part of this statement is that it is half true. Some tropical fish do have stunted growth when they're in a small environment. However, this isn't natural or healthy for the fish. Currently, we think this happens because stress hormones are released into the fish that inhibit their growth, but as you can probably guess, being under constant stress isn't good for anyone.

Many of these species, like the goldfish, can breed in captivity, but you still end up with these weird stunted little animals that die pretty young. I can't remember having a goldfish past five years. I thought that was their natural lifespan, but it just isn't so. As I stated before, they can live into their 40s, and the common plecos I loved so much could potentially grow to be over two feet long.

Perhaps this is why mine always seemed so grumpy, harassing the other fish as they swam by. The sad truth is that there is only a small handful of fish that are appropriate for a ten-gallon tank. Some fish like pea puffers and neon tetras stay really small, so they can do well under these circumstances, but a lot of others are going to suffer from the lack of swimming space, the lack of schooling buddies, or both.

Silver-tipped shark catfish are common in every pet store here. I am guilty of watching them swim around and smiling, but what they don't tell you is these fish cannot stay in a small tank or alone. They're a severely active schooling fish that needs a lot of swimming space preferably a tank 6 feet long or bigger and more catfish buddies, particularly as they grow past a foot in length.

If you try to keep them in a smaller tank for too long, they literally go out of their minds, leaping from the tank, bashing their head repeatedly into the walls, and damaging everything they can get a hold of. This is not the behavior pattern of a happy animal. An additional problem is the fact most pet stores buy babies for resale. When you see a three-inch Arowana, you might not realize these things can grow over four feet long and eat anything they can fit into their enormous mouths.

To make my point, here is a YouTube video of an Arowana eating a dead bunny in one gulp. I don't know about anyone else, but I find just the idea of that terrifying. These rose line sharks are only starting to be bred by dedicated enthusiasts but not at nearly a large enough number to supply demand. Many fish retailers buy their animals in bulk from farms or get them wild-caught.

The farmed fish may be farmed in aquariums, but more likely, they are farmed in large pools and ponds like clown loaches. Clown loaches can be seen in almost every pet store when they are little babies, but they're another schooling fish that grows very large, and as luck would have it, they also are pretty impossible to breed in an aquarium; in fact, I've looked for proof of this and couldn't find any.

It's because of this difficulty breeding that it is fortunate that clown loaches can be bred on fish farms. Some other species aren't so lucky, so we have to rely on wild-caught specimens. Recently, rose-line sharks have been popular here. They haven't been popular on the fish market for very long, but there are rumors that these hard-to-breed fish are being captured and sold to the point that wild populations may be decreasing at a dangerous rate.

This can be a particular problem in Asian countries where the fish trade is always booming—sending an estimated million fish into the illegal fish trade every year in addition to legal bounties. Some fish can fetch quite a price. For instance, some "L-series" catfish fancy plecos to all of us out of the loop can fetch several hundred dollars apiece. People are just starting to breed them in captivity, and doing so is allegedly very difficult, so most specimens are still wild-caught.

Not all fish that are sold in stores are from ponds and lakes. Some of them are from rivers where the current is always flowing past them, and some are from rice paddies like betta fish. Some are used to experiencing their habitats shrink and expand with the rainy and dry seasons. Others are from coral reefs, and there is even a small trade in cold-water marine fish who live farther out to sea. The reason I mention this is because most freshwater fish are treated the same; they are given a tank with some gravel, a filtration system, and a few ornaments but is this what they need to be happy?

In a lot of cases, I'd say no. Many fish love plants, live plants, that they can hide in and munch on. River fish like the extra exercise afforded to them by having strong pumps move the water in their tank around. Many marine fish are kept in tanks devoid of a coral reef, either because they eat corals which are expensive in their own right or because the purpose of the tank was just to have fish on display, nothing else. Large fish, in particular, tend to be very intelligent, even capable of learning tricks, so giving them an environment devoid of stimulation might be stressful to them.

Still, other fish like to dig in the sand, while others prefer rocks and caves. Even things like temperature and PH might vary with different species. Food is another thing that is seldom thought about. So many of us buy fish flakes at the store without thinking twice about it. Some of them are labeled specifically for one species or another, but many of them have bizarre ingredients like beef listed.

When was the last time you saw a goldfish take down a cow? I'm still waiting on that one. Besides this, most fish flakes are either made of beef or ground-up scrap fish that no one wanted for human consumption be it heads and tails or whole fish that aren't big enough for resale. That sounds OK until you realize not all fish are predators. In fact, most aren't. Most would be happier munching off live plants or the occasional vegetable leaf.

Adding plants to your aquarium can make it even more beautiful and some designs can get pretty elaborate. The best thing to do when considering setting up an aquarium is to research the fish you want to put in it. This might include going to the pet store, writing down all the species that might interest you, and then going home and doing some reading before actually buying any of them.

If you want a large aquarium, great! But if you want a smaller aquarium to make sure the fish you pick are appropriately sized for it and will remain that way. Also, ask about the fish. Many people feel that wild-caught fish are more colorful, but other people have moral and ethical issues with wild-caught fish.

Your local pet store should be able to tell you which ones have been raised in an aquarium, farmed, or wild-caught. Be a conscientious buyer. Try to pick fish that come from a similar environment and set up the tank as naturally as possible. If you like river fish or marine fish, expect to sink quite a bit of money into this.

If you're satisfied with fish that take less effort, then that's OK too. There are a lot of options out there! And finally, consider making your own food; you might even save yourself some money. Cichlids are commonly bred in captivity and can give freshwater tanks the same color variety as their saltwater counterparts. I didn't realize they did freshwater too. All I know is I started hissing and pissing when I saw them drag a puffer out of the water and then let it inflate with AIR.

They're not meant to fill up with air! Anyone with half a brain could figure this one out. My boyfriend is the one with the saltwater tank.