This pair can move in a completely unpredictable way at any moment and it can bring an unexpected profit or loss to your account. However, for those who know this currency pair very well it can be very profitable. However, when we already know its dynamics and how it moves, there can be opportunities. This is considered to be a major Forex pair. However, it can be difficult for traders who trade using just technical analysis.
Beginners can analyze this currency pair, to help them determine the movement of other pairs. This pair is more predictable than others as described above. These two pairs are similar by their movements and are stable. These pairs are suitable for technical analysis because they have slow and calm movements. Therefore, when trading them it is worth getting to know the opinion of market analyzes. The dollars of Australia and New Zealand are sensitively to metal prices and weather conditions in Australia.
These pairs are popular with a lot of traders and forecasters too. For beginners these pairs are recommended, however one must pay attention to technical analysis and also to the price of metal and the weather conditions in these regions. This pair is sensitively to changes in oil prices. When oil price appreciate the Canadian dollar also tends to appreciate. And visa verse.
This is viewed as the least volatile of all the pairs. However, it is important to know that the price of this pair per pip is considerably bigger. Therefore, even a small movement can affect your account. This pair tends tp be easier to predict the trend, however one has to take in consideration there can be big spikes. This is a pair suitable for beginners, however one should not forget that it can sometimes be unpredictable. Therefore, small stops are quickly triggered out.
Various fundamental factors must be considered when trading this pair, also banks and various financial institutions rarely analyze this pair, and only obvious trends can be predicted. This pair usually has big movements and is regard as one of the most volatile pairs. This pair is a lot easier to predict and can be suitable for trading. Therefore, professionals often use a shorter time period so that they would be on time to make a successful trade, and they usually win because of that.
These currency pairs are not recommended for beginners. However in my opinion, when analyzing this currency pair there are sometimes unpredictable and sudden impulses which can quickly hit your stop-Loss orders. However, it can sometimes move unpredictable.
The Ruble is difficult, because it depends on a variety of fundamental factors such as oil price and common Russian economic status, etc. Another problem is the spread for this pair is very wide and changes quickly depending on the economic situations and can sometimes be a tremendous pips wide. Next, they have tested the model predictions in several empirical case studies: early modern England, Han and Tang China, and the Roman Empire.
Their empirical results have supported the population-warfare theory: Korotayev and Turchin have found that there is a tendency for population numbers and internal warfare intensity to oscillate with the same period but shifted in phase with warfare peaks following population peaks. Furthermore, they have demonstrated that in the agrarian societies the rates of change of the two variables behave precisely as predicted by the theory: population rate of change is negatively affected by warfare intensity, while warfare rate of change is positively affected by population density.
Thus, Korotayev has demonstrated that the Malthusian trap tends to generate sociopolitical upheavals. In collaboration with Daria Khaltourina he has made a significant contribution to the study of the factors of the current Russian demographic crisis. They have demonstrated that post-Soviet Russia experiences one of the world's highest prevalence of alcohol-related problems, which contributes to high mortality rates in this region. Reduction in alcohol-related problems in Russia can have strong effects on mortality decline.
They have analysed the plausibility of application of general principles of alcohol policy translated in the Russian Federation. Korotayev and Khaltourina have shown that alcohol policy approaches could be implemented in the same ways as they have been in other countries, and contributed to the development of alcohol control measures in this country. In addition, according to Korotayev, there should be special attention to decreasing distilled spirits consumption, illegal alcohol production, nonbeverage alcohol consumption, and enforcement of current governmental regulations.
Korotayev and his colleagues have demonstrated that Protestantism has indeed influenced positively the capitalist development of respective social systems not so much through the "Protestant ethics" as was suggested by Max Weber but rather through the promotion of literacy.
The reading of Holy Scripture was not necessary for Catholic laymen. The edict of the Council of Toulouse prohibited Catholic laity from possessing copies of the Bible. Soon after that, a decision by the Council of Tarragona spread this prohibition to ecclesiastic people as well.
From the very beginning, Protestant groups did not accept this prohibition. Thus, Luther translated in — first the New Testament , and then the Old Testament , into German, so that any German-speaking person could read the Holy Scripture in his or her native language.
Moreover, the Protestants viewed reading the Holy Scripture as a religious duty of any Christian. As a result, the level of literacy and education was, in general, higher for Protestants than it was for Catholics and for followers of other confessions that did not provide religious stimuli for learning literacy.
Literate populations have many more opportunities to obtain and use the achievements of modernisation than illiterate ones and display greater innovative-activity levels, which correspond with opportunities for modernisation, development, and economic growth.
Andrey Korotayev claims that the present-day world-system "the World System" , which in the 2nd millennium CE encompassed the whole globe, originated in the 9th millennium BCE in direct connection with the Neolithic revolution. In general, Korotayev and his colleagues have suggested a rather novel approach to the world-system analysis. Within this approach the main emphasis is moved to the generation and diffusion of innovations.
If a society borrows systematically important technological innovations, its evolution already cannot be considered as really independent, but should rather be considered as a part of a larger evolving entity, within which such innovations are systematically produced and diffused.
The main idea of the world-system approach was to find the evolving unit. The basic idea was that it is impossible to account for the evolution of a single society without taking into consideration that it was a part of a larger whole. However, traditional world-system analysis concentrated on bulk-good movements, and core — periphery exploitation, somehow neglecting the above-mentioned dimension.
However, according to Korotayev, the information network turns out to be the oldest mechanism of the World System integration, and remained extremely important throughout its whole history, remaining important up to the present. It seems to be even more important than the core — periphery exploitation for example, without taking this mechanism into consideration it appears impossible to account for such things as the demographic explosion in the 20th century, whose proximate cause was the dramatic decline of mortality , but whose main ultimate cause was the diffusion of innovations produced almost exclusively within the World System core.
This also suggests a redefinition of the World System core. Korotayev suggests that the hyperbolic trend observed for the world population growth after BCE does appear to be primarily a product of the growth of the World System. Articles from journals The presence of the hyperbolic trend itself indicates that the major part of the entity in question had some systemic unity, and Korotayev insists that the evidence for this unity is readily available.
Indeed, he shows that we have evidence for the systematic spread of major innovations domesticated cereals, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, plow, wheel, copper, bronze, and later iron technology, and so on throughout the whole North African — Eurasian Oikumene for a few millennia BCE. As a result, the evolution of societies of this part of the world already at this time cannot be regarded as truly independent. By the end of the 1st millennium BCE we observe a belt of cultures, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with an astonishingly similar level of cultural complexity characterised by agricultural production of wheat and other specific cereals, the breeding of cattle, sheep, and goats; use of the plow, iron metallurgy, and wheeled transport; development of professional armies and cavalries deploying rather similar weapons; elaborate bureaucracies, and Axial Age ideologies, and so on — this list could be extended for pages.
A few millennia before, we would find another belt of societies strikingly similar in level and character of cultural complexity, stretching from the Balkans up to the Indus Valley outskirts. Korotayev interprets this as a tangible result of the World System's functioning. Together with Leonid Grinin he has also made a significant contribution to the current Great Divergence debate.
Yet they go further. Amazingly, by building a model using human capital education , global population growth, and regional productivity, they show how both the Great Divergence and the recent "Great Convergence" the economic catching up of developing countries are phases of the same process of global modernisation. Note also his research on Kondratiev waves in the world GDP dynamics that, employing spectral analysis , has confirmed their presence at an acceptable level of statistical significance.
He has also detected Kondratieff waves in the global dynamics of invention activities. In addition, it appears necessary to maintain that Korotayev's theory of the World System development suggests a novel approach to the formation of a general theory of social macroevolution.
The approach prevalent in social evolutionism is based on the assumption that evolutionary regularities of simple systems are significantly simpler than the ones characteristic of complex systems. A rather logical outcome of this almost self-evident assumption is that one should first study the evolutionary regularities of simple systems and only after understanding them move to more complex ones, whereas Korotayev's findings suggest that the simplest regularities accounting for extremely large proportions of all the macrovariation can be found precisely for the largest possible system — the human world, and, hence, the study of sociocultural evolution should proceed from the detection of simple regularities of the development of the most complex systems to the study of the complex laws of the dynamics of simple social systems.
From a complexity perspective Korotayev's establishes a key point, that of the bifurcations of social and kinship organisation that coalesced historically around the differential practices of the major world religions. The Murdockian comparative approach, up to Korotayev, had developed to the point where the nonindependence of cultures was well-recognized, and ways of taking the larger configurations of cultural systems into account had been reckoned to lie, in the latest iteration, along lines of high-order proto-linguistic communities.
Korotayev demonstrates the effects of breaking what might be seen as a ritual taboo of Murdockian comparison: Thou Shalt Not Code World Religion. By doing so, Korotayev releases the Murdockian spell that lingers over the comparative approach in anthropology, and goes on to demonstrate the powerful effects of world religious communities — dating from what Jaspers calls the " Axial Age " — BCE — on the preservation and differentiation of distinctive social and political structures in Eurasia.
His introduction and conclusion suggest that an objectivist natural history approach to human history, in which subjective factors are of local importance but fade out in terms of lasting effects over generations, is a valid approach to the "pre-Axial" condition of human societies, while a subjectivist history of consciousness is a necessary complement to the "post-Axial" condition.
Korotayev succeeds in placing these two complementary approaches in context and showing their linkages in terms of how subjective and religious factors play out in human history alongside objective factors such as demography and ecology, each informing the other. He shows how it is impossible to arrive at valid inferential results from comparative approaches without an integration of the two, a situation he aptly calls " Galton 's opportunity" for those are of century-old critiques of the comparative method.
The reader will be surprised at the depth of empirical comparative findings in this short book. One of his particular contributions in this field is connected with the classical anthropological issue of determinants of matrilocal versus patrilocal postmarital residence.
Early theories explaining the determinants of postmarital residence e. However, to the moment when Korotayev's research in this field began, cross-cultural tests of this hypothesis using worldwide samples had failed to find any significant relationship between these two variables. Korotayev's tests have shown that the female contribution to subsistence does correlate significantly with matrilocal residence in general; however, this correlation is masked by a general polygyny factor.
Although an increase in the female contribution to subsistence tends to lead to matrilocal residence, it also tends simultaneously to lead to general non-sororal polygyny which effectively destroys matrilocality. If this polygyny factor is controlled e. Thus, Murdock's hypotheses regarding the relationships between the sexual division of labour and postmarital residence were basically correct, though, as has been shown by Korotayev, the actual relationships between those two groups of variables are more complicated than he expected.
Korotayev was also one of the pioneers together with his colleagues of the study of correlation between spatial distributions of folklore -mythological motifs  and genetic markers,  as well as linguistic and sociostructural characteristics, and produced in this area significant results with respect to the deep history reconstruction.
Such correlations allow us to reconstruct in detail the mythology Korotayev studies variables that are usually regarded as the main causes of the decline of unilineal descent organisation statehood, class stratification and commercialisation , along with a variable that had never been regarded as such a cause — deep Christianization.
He postulates that the traditionally accepted causes of the decline of unilineal descent organisation statehood, class stratification, commercialisation are less significant than deep Christianization. He also theorises that the presence of unilineal descent groups correlates negatively with communal democracy and is especially strong for complex traditional societies.
Korotayev concludes that, because the communal democracy correlates positively with the supracommunal one, the Christianization of Europe might have contributed to the development of modern democracy by helping to destroy unilineal descent organisation in this region.
Islamization , along with an area's inclusion in the 8th-century Arab-Islamic Khalifate and its persistence within the Islamic world has been demonstrated by Korotayev to be a strong and significant predictor of parallel cousin Father's Brother's Daughter — FBD marriage. He has shown that while there is a clear functional connection between Islam and FBD marriage, the prescription to marry a FBD does not appear to be sufficient to persuade people to actually marry thus, even if the marriage brings with it economic advantages.
According to Korotayev, a systematic acceptance of parallel-cousin marriage took place when Islamization occurred together with Arabization. Korotayev has made a special contribution in this field by detecting principal trends in the evolution of Yemeni cultures through application of quantitative methods to the analysis of mass epigraphic sources in the Sabaic language.
Korotayev and his colleagues have also made significant contributions to the study of political-demographic dynamics in Subsaharan Africa , especially, the problems of the Tropical African countries' escape from the Malthusian trap. Korotayev has also done together with his colleagues Vladimir Klimenko and Dmitry Proussakov a significant contribution to the study of the origins of Islam.
Korotayev and his colleagues view the origins of Islam against the background of the 6th century Arabian socioecological crisis whose model is specified by Korotayev and his colleagues through the study of climatological , seismological, volcanological and epidemiological history of the period. They find that most sociopolitical systems of the Arabs reacted to the socioecological crisis by getting rid of the rigid supratribal political structures kingdoms and chiefdoms which started posing a real threat to their very survival.
The decades of fighting which led to the destruction of the most of the Arabian kingdoms and chiefdoms reflected in Ayyam al-'Arab tradition led to the elaboration of some definite "antiroyal" freedom-loving tribal ethos. At the beginning of the 7th century a tribe which would recognise themselves as subjects of some terrestrial supratribal political authority, a "king", risked to lose its honour.
However, this seems not to be applicable to the authority of another type, the "celestial" one. At the meantime the early 7th century evidences the merging of the Arabian tradition of prophecy and the Arabian Monotheist "Rahmanist" tradition which produced "the Arabian prophetic movement". According to Korotayev, the Monotheist "Rahmanist" prophets appear to have represented a supratribal authority just of the type many Arab tribes were looking for at this very time, which seems to explain to a certain extent those prophets' political success including the extreme political success of Muhammad.
Korotayev has written over 35 books and articles dealing with his research interests Andrey Korotayev - InterSciWiki. These include. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Russian anthropologist, economic historian, comparative political scientist, and sociologist. A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject.
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